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Irritable Bowel Syndrome – What is IBS? Symptoms and Remedies

An irritable bowel syndrome is a group of diseases related to bowel movement and constipation, that happens at the same time. About 10%-15% of people in the world are suffering from irritable bowel syndrome. This disease is common in South America.

However, people of Southeast Aisa are less likely to get affected by IBS. IBS disease doesn’t affect your life expectancy. It is most likely to happen in people up to 45 years age. It becomes less common with growing age. As compared to men, chances of IBS are more common in women than men.

Here we would discuss IBS, what is IBS, Symptoms, causes, how to cure irritable bowel syndrome, etc. 

What is IBS?

Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic gastrointestinal disease, which affects your large intestine. IBS is a long-lasting disease and also known as mucous colitis, spastic colitis, spastic colon, and irritable colon.

IBS is actually a condition when several intestinal infections happen at the same time. Although, these cluster of diseases doesn’t cause any tissue damage. IBS makes functional damage to your body.

IBS doesn’t lead to any severe disease like cancer. Sometimes, it can damage the intestine but that’s a very rare situation.

Types of IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome is of four types

1- IBS-C

2- IBS-D

3- IBS- M

4- IBS-U

The need for identifying the type of Irritable bowel syndrome

As per the researchers, irritable bowel syndrome is categorized into four categories on the basis of their symptoms. As each type affects differently and would be prevented according to type.

It has thus become necessary to identify the type. Identification of the type of irritable bowel syndrome helps you or your doctor to treat it accordingly. Only After proper identification, you can alter your diet or routine.

It becomes easy to prevent the situation of stress as stress may increase the IBS. Furthermore, proper medication is possible only after identifying your IBS. You can get the reasons for irritable bowel syndrome only if you know which type of IBS you have.

So, to know the triggering factors it would be essential to identify the type of IBS.

IBS CIBS DIBS MIBS U

Irritable bowel syndrome- C ( with constipation)

Irritable bowel syndrome-C (IBS-C) is the condition when a person suffers from IBS with constipation mostly. IBS-C is an uncomfortable situation where the suffering person gets hard stools over 25% of the IBS time.

This syndrome makes the situation painful for the person. They may also get 25% or less watery stools of IBS. Mostly, they suffer from constipation from which this type got its name.

Patients also get mucus in their stools. Usually, doctors suggest the inclusion of fiber in the diet to cure irritable bowel syndrome with constipation.

Following are the symptoms of  irritable bowel syndrome with constipation

1- Gas

2- Bloating

3- The Suffering person gets the usual abdominal pain.

4- Hard and painful stools

5- Straining in bowel movement.

6- Getting the frequent urge to go to the toilet. 

7- Feeling of blockage.

8- Infrequent bowel movement.

Irritable bowel syndrome-D (with Diarrhoea)

Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea is a situation where diarrhea is the determining factor. Irritable bowel syndrome being itself a life long disease makes your situation uncomfortable with diarrhea. An IBS-D suffering person would have more than 25% loose and watery stools throughout their IBS period. These people are less likely to get constipation during their IBS. Doctors advise to eat small meals and avoid some diarrhea triggering foods to prevent this situation. Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea also becomes worse because of some lifestyle factors. Following are some of the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea

1- regular Watery and loose stools.

2- Frequent Bowel movement.

3- Abdominal pain 

4- Bloating

5- Gas

Irritable bowel syndrome -M ( Mixed type)

Irritable bowel syndrome-M is a condition where a person suffers from alternating diarrhea and constipation during their overall IBS period. Whenever a person suffers from IBS-M, he would get constant alterations of constipation and diarrhea. Some people also called it as IBS-A. In this situation, doctors have to find out the triggers of the disease examining thoroughly. 

Some of the causes behind irritable bowel syndrome mixed type are- 

1- If your family is hereditarily affected by IBS, then it would affect you too. 

2- infections are also one of the causes of IBS-M.

3- diet is also a triggering factor of IBS-M.

4- Gut Bacteria

5- IBS-M depends on how your brain and digestive system is responding to each other’s signals.

6- Some psychological factors like stress are the reasons.

Irritable bowel syndrome-U (un-subtyped)

Apart from all the three types mentioned above, there is fourth type IBS-U. IBS-U is a different condition from other categories of irritable bowel syndrome, in this condition suffering person doesn’t get irregular stool problems. 

Here are some symptoms of IBS-U-

1- Bloating

2- Gas

3- White mucus in stool

4- pain

Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome

Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome differ from person to person depending on their health and habits. Symptoms of men and women also differ in Irritable bowel syndrome. Here we are listing some common symptoms of IBS-

1-  Increased Gas problem.

2- Mucus in Stool

3- Abdominal Pain which gets more severe at night.

3- Bloating

4- Diarrhoea and Constipation as per the type of IBS.

5- Your Abdominal region gets swollen.

6- You get cramps, however, you may get relief from these cramps with bowel movement.

7- Frequent anxiety feelings.

8- Fatigue

9- Bad taste in the mouth.

10- Frequently having a feel to go to the toilet. 

11-Weight loss

Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in Women

Irritable bowel syndrome is more often found in women than men. Researchers have found that women during their pregnancy are more likely to get IBS. In these cases, many times women get gynecological disorders. Women up to 40 years age should check for these symptoms to get surety of IBS-

1- During the IBS phase, women tend to get insomniac. 

2- Such women get sensitivity to certain foods or diets. 

3- They get Cramps often. 

4- Women with IBS usually have painful menstrual cycles.

5- Regular Back pain is also a symptom of IBS.

6- Feeling of fatigue every time.

7- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

8- Depression in women during IBS is also found in many diagnosed cases.

9- Because of IBS, Doctors have found that it changes the lifestyle of women. During irritable bowel syndrome, they feel frequent need to go toilet which affects their social, professional and personal routine.

10- During their menstrual cycles, the symptoms vary in women having IBS. It has been found that one week before their menstruation women feel severe abdominal pain and diarrhea. However, on the 14th day of their cycle, they feel constipation and bloating.

11- If any woman has endometriosis, they tend to get IBS symptoms. Endometriosis is a condition where a tissue normally found inside the uterus, overgrows out of the uterus.

12- Women with irritable bowel syndrome tend to have comparatively less sexual desire. The reason is that they feel pain during intimacy. 

13- During pregnancy, symptoms of IBS and pregnancy overlap with each other. Doctors have not yet found the actual reason behind this, however, they feel that the fetus inside mother womb press continuously which may become a reason for it. This hasn’t proved yet it any research. In pregnancy, women with IBS feel more nausea, bloating, heartburn, constipation and bowel movements.

Irritable bowel syndrome in Men

Men are less prone to irritable bowel syndrome. They don’t take their problems to doctors, which may be a reason there are fewer cases reported of men with irritable bowel syndrome.

Doctors have different opinions about irritable bowel syndrome in men. Some of them think that a man’s gut is stronger than woman, hence they are less likely to get IBS.

However, others have an opinion that men don’t prefer to consult a doctor every time unless it is life damaging disease.

Some of the common symptoms in men are-

1- They tend to have less sexual desire during irritable bowel syndrome.

2- They have a disturbing daily routine and are unable to work properly because of pain and discomfort.

3-  They may get into depression.

How to cure Irritable Bowel Syndrome – IBS Cure

Irritable bowel syndrome is actually a life long disease. It is difficult to cure, however, some changes in your life can help you. It is advised to have IBS home treatment rather than medications.

But if problems persist and are getting serious, a doctor’s consultation is required. Home treatment for Irritable bowel syndrome may help you to get relief even will prevent you to get into worsened situation.

Everyone’s body is different hence the IBS treatment may have a different effect on each person. You’re therefore advised to try these IBS home treatment without drugs, and continue with those which would benefit you. 

Here are some home remedies that will help you in getting relief in IBS:

1- Include Exercise in your routine

Researchers have found in a study that people who had included physical activities like jogging, cycling, swimming, etc in their regular schedule got relief from their IBS flare-up than from people who didn’t have any physical activity in their routine.

Including a minimum 30 minutes exercise in your routine will help you in your IBS flare-up. Workouts would be helpful in reducing stress and depression which are the triggers of IBS. Moreover, it would stimulate the contraction of the intestine resulting in smooth bowel movements.

2- Include Fibre in your diet.

Diet is an option that works in many diseases, it works in IBS as well. A slight change in your diet may get relief from many symptoms of IBS and on the other hand, it may increase the symptoms too.

So, precautions are necessary when you are including or excluding any food from your diet. It is recommended to include fiber-rich food in your diet as fiber will help you in getting relief in many symptoms. Have watch over your symptoms and choose the food accordingly.

Check out Best diet plan for Malaria Diagnosed Patients

If you have gas in your symptoms then try to avoid fiber foods that increase the gas problem. Food items like peas, cabbage, broccoli or kidney beans are high fiber-rich products but they increase the gas problems, hence, they should be avoided. 

Other Fiber-rich products like leafy vegetables, strawberry, raspberry, wheat bran, cereals, apples, pears, whole wheat bread, etc should be included in your diet. You should avoid caffeine, sugarless chewing gums, alcohol, candy, tea, etc as it will trigger the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

3- Have calcium and protein products

You should take care of the intake of calcium and protein. These are too going to ease you in your IBS symptoms. Have dairy products alternatives regularly.

If you are lactose intolerant, your doctor may advise you to stay away from dairy products. But as calcium and proteins are important for your health, try to include them through alternative products. You can try yogurt in place of milk for calcium.

4- Reduce Stress from your life

Stress is one of the major triggering factors of IBS. A stressful life always leads to health problems. It would be a major accomplishment if you succeed in dealing with stressful situations.

We would recommend you to make a diary of the symptoms you are getting and the events which are happening around it. It would help you to identify the specific symptoms you get in stressful situations.

This diary will help you out in finding the way to deal with situations, also would keep a note on your increasing or decreasing situations.

Another way to handle stress is to try some relaxation methods and exercises:

  • Gardening
  • Exercising or jogging
  • Some hobby activities
  • Muscle relaxation exercise
  • Yoga
  • Any other activity, which relaxes you from your stressful situations.

Irritable bowel syndrome is not a life-damaging disease, but the pain discomfort people get is not avoidable. Hence, it is necessary to diagnose it at earliest and take the necessary precautions.

The above-mentioned remedies will provide you relief from these discomforting symptoms. However, it is necessary to consult a doctor once to get the best advice.

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